Friday, 12 January 2018

Law of Pakistan - Pakistani Law

Law of Pakistan

Definition of law:
The law is a pack of rules established by an authority that people are made to follow by the state. Courts and police are pillars that enforce this system of rules and punish people who break the laws, such as by making them pay a fine or other penalty or sending them to jail.

Introduction to Law of Pakistan:  
The Law of Pakistan substantive law which is derived from the English Common Law moreover, Pakistan is an Islamic Republic state. The constitution of 1962 was the fundamental law of Pakistan from June, 1962 until martial law was declared in March 1969 basically structure of the legal system of Pakistan is based on the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan on 12 April 1973, which was brought into force on 14 August 1973.

List of some Pakistani law:
§  Cybercrime in Pakistan.
§  Family law in Pakistan.
§  Traffic rules in Pakistan.
§  Child rights in Pakistan.

Cybercrime in Pakistan:
Cybercrime leads towards any criminal act dealing with computers and networks (called hacking)
On 11 August, 2016, Pakistan’s lower house, the National Assembly, make a controversial cybercrime law called the Prevention of Electronic Crimes Act, 2016.
§  According to the Act of Law of Pakistan, the purpose of the legislation is to prevent unauthorized acts with respect to information systems and provide for related offences as well as mechanisms for their investigation, prosecution, trial and international cooperation.
§  Under the Law of Pakistan Government officials say internet restrictions under the new law are needed to ensure security against growing threats, such as terrorism. Act also introduces the offense of cyber-terrorism. A cyber-terrorist crime is regard to have been carried out with the intent to perpetrate terrorism.

§ According to Law of Pakistan person should be charged for such an offense upon conviction up to a 14-year term of imprisonment or a fine of Rs.5 million.

§ According to Section18 (1) Law of Pakistan essentially criminalizes defamation “through any information system.” The Act prescribes that Whoever deliberately and publicly exhibits or displays or transmits any information through any information system, which he knows to be false, and harms the reputation or privacy of a natural person, shall be punished with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years or with fine which may extend to one million rupees or with both.

Cybercrime, the Law of Pakistan criticized by many oppositions.
o Main criticism of oppositions was that in its current form, the law would give the executive sweeping powers that could be misused or threat against anyone, which would further curb freedom of expression in the country.
§  Nighat Daad (founder of a group called the Digital Rights Foundation) said:

The overly broad language used in the bill ensures that innocent and ignorant Pakistani citizens, unaware of the ramifications of what the bill entails, can be ensnared and find themselves subject to very harsh penalties,
Family law in Pakistan:
The term “Family Law in Pakistan” archaic all such laws, which relate to issues of Marriage, Divorce, Custody of children, Dowry & Child Marriage
§  Act, 1929 Child Marriage Restraint
§  Act, 1939 Dissolution of Muslim Marriages
§  Act, 1961 Muslim Family Laws Ordinance
§  Act, 1964 Family Courts
§  Act, 1976 Dowry and Bridal Gifts (Restriction)
§  Act, 1962 West Pakistan Muslim Personal Law (Shariat) Application

Act, 1869 (IV of 1869) Divorce:
o According to the Law of Pakistan Section 7 divorce, of the Muslim Family Law Ordinance, 1961 recognizes that a man may divorce his wife in any of the modes recognized by Islam. Normally, this is done by the husband thrice uttering the words “I divorce you”, in the presence of the wife and witnesses.
o According to Law of Pakistan Section 8 of the Ordinance provides that where the right of divorce has been delegated to the wife by the husband or where the parties wish to dissolve the marriage otherwise than through divorce.

o According Law of Pakistan Where the wife seeks to obtain a divorce from her husband, but such a right has not being delegated to her, she has no other choice but to set proceedings before the Family Court, through a suit. She may either seek divorce by means of ‘Khula’ whereby she has to remit the dower amount if it has not been paid by the husband or return the same if received.

Traffic rules in Pakistan:
o Obey the traffic light /signals.
o Always follow road sign especially mandatory road signs (signs in circle shape).
o According to Law of Pakistan, Driving without a license or drunk driving leads towards fine (Challan).
o Minimum driving age is 18 years.
o Seat belt is mandatory for driver. Helmet is mandatory for motorcycle riding.
o Any loads carried or towed must be marked the ends with red flags by day and red lights by nights.
o Use of mobile while driving is prohibited.

Child rights in Pakistan.
o Law of Pakistan ratified the agreement on the Rights of the Child (hereinafter the Convention) on November of 12, 1990 making a reservation on interpreting its provisions following the principles of Islamic laws and values.
o Law of Pakistan children needed a special convention just for them because people under 18 years old often need special care and protection that adults do not. Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) is the first legally binding international instrument to incorporate the full range of human rights—civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights.

o In past two decades, law of Pakistan against child rights has made some progress. Its commitments include: the ratification of the UNCRC, the Right to Free and Compulsory Education Act 2012.

o The law which made for people and government should be followed properly. We should follow all the Pakistani laws for the success of our country as we know these days few animal mind people are hurting innocent children we must have to stop them and we need to stop all the crime. We should have all the useful information about the law of Pakistan. If you need all the information regarding Pakistani law you should download Pakistani qanoon mobile application which is very useful for all Pakistanis.

Application link:


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